Friday, 9 November 2018

Unseen Infections Harming World's Children

New research from an international coalition of scientists reveals that, Children around the world are suffering from unnoticed infections that are stunting their growth and mental development. Two new studies show that a tremendous number of children with no signs of diarrhea are carrying harmful infections. These infections prevent them from reaching their full potential and maintain a vicious cycle of poverty.

Childhood Infections:
The researchers examined more than 40,000 stool samples from children in eight countries: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Tanzania, South Africa, Peru and Brazil. They analysed the samples using highly sensitive molecular testing to determine whether the children were carrying harmful infections.
They found 4 main pathogens which were widely present in asymptomatic children:
  •         Shigella bacteria
  •          Campylobacter bacteria
  •          Enteroaggregative E. coli bacteria
  •          Giardia parasite

The dangers of Shigella are well known to everyone, because it is associated with bloody diarrhea. In any case, the new research recommends that it might be a significantly more noteworthy danger than anticipated. The researchers examined stool samples from children with diarrhea, and they found that Shigella was very common among children with diarrhea that was not bloody. It was mostly common in second year of life.
Asymptomatic Infections:
Discovering approaches to address these contamination among the world's kids could have tremendous benefits. Vaccines are being developed for both Shigella and Campylobacter.
Still researches are going on to determine if treating these asymptomatic infections will reduce stunting without significantly increasing antibiotic resistance.

Friday, 2 November 2018

Improving pediatric asthma care is possible

Asthma is a condition in which the airways narrow and inflame and produce extra mucus. Not all children have the same asthma symptoms, and these symptoms can vary from one episode to another in the same child. According to a new study, it is clear that improved and personalized assessments for hospitalized patients can improve the accuracy of prescribed therapy for asthma a child receives. Asthma kills approximately 4000 people annually, including several hundred children.

Asthma can be caused by many factors, including
• Allergens - pollen, animals.
• Irritants - cigarette, air pollution.
• Climate - cold air, changes in climate
• Exercise
• Infections - flu, common cold

The study showed that the quality of asthma care improved after doctors were equipped with simplified patient care decision-making tools, an electronic medical record system and access to a mobile phone application to guide personalized attention to each patient. People with asthma persistently suffer from inflammation of the airways and constriction due to various irritants. The irritants that inflame the lungs are called triggers. The triggers of asthma include: pollen, viruses, cigarette smoke, dust mites, pollution, cockroaches, exercise, mold, pet dander, among many others.

Some children with asthma have a mild illness and need a rescue inhaler every now and then. However, children with persistent asthma need to use a daily asthma control medication.
Inhaled corticosteroids taken every day decrease the chronic inflammation found in asthma. It has been proven that these medications reduce the frequency and severity of asthma exacerbation.

Friday, 26 October 2018

Importance of Yoga in Kids’ Development

Yoga (meaning union) is the practice of accessing and integrating all aspects of our true nature, body, mind and spirit in the search for inner harmony. Children face many distractions, overstimulation. Yoga and kids is a perfect match. A simple yoga practice has a huge effect on children. Yoga at a young age sculpts the minds and bodies of young people, providing tools that will improve and help children to be balanced, creative and calm people. Yoga can significantly benefit children, and in some aspects, possibly even more than it nourishes adults. These are just some of these benefits:
• Yoga increases coordination
• Yoga improves concentration
• Yoga relieves stress
• Yoga promotes self-expression
As children practice yoga regularly, mastering new poses and creating a flow between your body and your mind helps build confidence.

Yoga promotes a healthy body:
Regular yoga practice helps promote a healthier body through postures that stretch, strengthen and build coordination as well. Yoga for children improves flexibility and increases blood flow, which in turn can help reduce the risk of injury during other physical activity.
Yoga improves concentration and balance:
Part of the positive changes that teachers have found when using yoga in classes is the improvement they see in concentration. Balanced postures teach children that, with a greater focus, they can increase attention naturally, even in children who struggle with different attention challenges. The poses and games focus on balance skills, develop an intrinsic force, evoke a meditative feeling and promote stillness and mental silence.
Yoga teaches self-acceptance:
It gives children the opportunity to learn something that is not competitive, it also teaches children to accept and appreciate them as they are. Once again, with society sending so many messages of inadequacy, yoga teaches children to love themselves.
Stretching and lengthening:
Yoga postures stretch the muscles and, by integrating breathing and movement, the muscles warm up and become more flexible. They can give in when they need it and support sensitive joints in a more functional way.

                                 The beauty of yoga is that children can practice it alone or with a group. It is a useful and inexpensive tool that can have a positive impact on children.

Saturday, 20 October 2018

Childhood Adversity Can Change Your Brain

Adversity in early childhood in the form of anything from poverty to physical abuse has measurable changes in brain function. Exposure during childhood or adolescence to environmental circumstances is likely to require significant psychological, social, or neurobiological adaptation by an average child and represents a deviation from the expected environment. The findings of the epidemiological studies clearly indicate that exposure to childhood adversity greatly influences the risk for psychopathology.

1. Epigenetic changes:
When we are pushed again and again into stressful situations during childhood or adolescence, our physiological response to stress becomes a saturation, and we lose the ability to respond appropriately, and this happens due to a process known as methylation of the gene.
2. Size and shape of the brain:
Scientists have discovered that when the developing brain suffers chronic stress, it releases a hormone. Children whose brains have been changed by their Adverse Childhood Experiences are more likely to become adults who are overreacting to even minor stressors.
3. Brain connectivity:
According to research, children and adolescents who experienced chronic adversity in childhood were found to have weaker neural connections between the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus.
4. Brain-Body Pathway:
The researchers found that an elusive path way between the brain and the immune system through the lymphatic vessels. For a child who has experienced adversity, the relationship between mental and physical suffering is strong: the inflammatory chemicals that flood a child's brain when chronically stressed are not limited to the brain alone; they are transported from head to toe.
5. Telomeres:
Early trauma can make children appear "older", emotionally speaking, than their peers. Now, scientists discovered that Adverse Childhood Experiences can prematurely age children also at the cellular level.

Thursday, 11 October 2018

Tips to Improve Immunity of Kids Naturally

The immune system is the organ or process that provides resistance to infection and toxins and other foreign particles. Through a series of steps called immune response, the immune system attacks organisms and substances that invade body systems and cause disease. To keep children healthy, it is important to increase their immunity so that they become less sick.

Research has shown that breastfed babies have a stronger immune system. Breast milk has antibodies that increase the immunity that is transmitted from the mother to her baby. Colostrum or thick yellow pre-milk that flows from the mother's breasts during the first few days after birth is full of life-saving antibodies that help develop the baby's immunity.
Good nutrition
According to studies, children should have 3-5 servings of vegetables per day. Include vegetables in cooked and uncooked form. Fresh fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins, minerals and antibodies that help fight diseases.
Vaccination on time
Vaccines start as soon as a baby is born and continue for up to 2 years, after which there are some booster doses that must be given at the prescribed time.
Outdoor time to play and exercise
At least 1-2 hours of physical activity are necessary for a child to be fit.
Exercise and outdoor time is important to strengthen the body and also increases immunity.
Home remedies to increase immunity
Give ginger and honey juice twice a day.
Add the garlic to the kitchen daily.
Add curds and fermented foods to the diet of children that contain pro-biotics and keeps your bowel healthy and also protects against infections.

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Friday, 5 October 2018

World Cerebral Palsy Day 2018: How is cerebral palsy different from autism?

The word "cerebral" means that it has to do with the brain. The word "paralysis" means weakness or problems with the movement of the body. Cerebral palsy refers to a group of disorders that affect muscle movement and coordination in child. In many cases vision, hearing and sensation are also affected by these diseases. It is the most common motor disability in childhood and according to estimates, approximately 1 in 323 children have been identified with CP.

Signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy:

Baby 3 to 6 months of age:
• The head falls backwards when it is lifted lying on its back
• Feels rigid
• Feeling floppy
• It seems to extend too far back in the back and neck when cradled in someone's arms
• Legs stiffen and cross or scissors when they get up
• Variations in muscle tone, such as being too loose or too stiff
Baby older than 6 months of age:
• Does not turn in any direction
• You cannot put your hands together
• Has difficulty putting his hands to his mouth
• It extends with one hand while holding the other fist.
Baby older than 10 months of age:
• Creeps in a twisted way, pushing with one hand and leg while dragging opposite hand and leg
• It moves on the buttocks or jumps on the knees, but does not crawl on four legs

Different types of cerebral palsy:
Spastic cerebral palsy: this is the most common type of disorder, affecting about 76.9% of all people with CP. Many people with spastic CP have gait abnormalities.
Cerebral dyskinetic paralysis: also known as dystonic and athetoid, is the second most common form of cerebral palsy, although it only affects about 2.6% of all cases of the disorder. People with this type of PC have problems controlling their body movements.
Hypotonic cerebral palsy: this disorder causes a decrease in muscle tone and excessively relaxed muscles. People with this type of PC also have difficulty speaking, poor reflexes and walking abnormalities.

How is cerebral palsy different from autism?
Cerebral palsy affects mainly the motor functioning of a child, while autism affects the normal development of the brain in areas such as social interaction, problem solving and communication. Autism covers a broad spectrum, from extremely mild symptoms to severe symptoms that can seriously affect daily life.

Friday, 28 September 2018

Health Benefits of Cinnamon and Honey

Historically, cinnamon and honey were incorporated in ancient medical practices like to treat arthritis, diarrhea, asthma, fever, menstrual problems and many more. The mixture of honey and cinnamon has many other benefits and can cure multiple diseases in human beings.
Benefits of cinnamon and honey:
1. Enhances Immunity:
The ability of honey and cinnamon to boost and strengthen one's immunity system has been well-known for hundreds of years. This striking combination can also be used to treat everyday illnesses such as the common cold and flu. This is mainly due to the antioxidants present in both honey and cinnamon which combine to eliminate free radicals from the body.
2. Reduces the risk of heart disease:
Cinnamon is also a suitable replacement for sugar and salt as food flavoring which also makes it a crucial healthy heart alternative. These benefits of honey and cinnamon and cholesterol are backed by science.
3. Good for diabetics:
Cinnamon, which contains antioxidant flavonoids act as an effective source of organic insulin. Also, honey does not cause blood sugar levels to fluctuate as artificial sources of sugar are known to do. This mixture is especially beneficial to people who have Type 2 Diabetes and can help control the effects of diabetes on the body.

4. Infertility:
Consuming honey stimulates the ovaries and minerals that are responsible for reproduction. As for the cinnamon in the mixture, this spice was long discovered to improve menstrual cycles while also easing the most common cause of impotence. Regularly ingesting a mix of cinnamon and honey goes a long way in improving the reproductive health of both men and women.
5. Helps treat and manage asthma:
Honey contains traces of pollen; it can trigger a person's immune system hence causing it to produces antibodies. These natural antibodies become helpful in improving and alleviating the symptoms of asthma.
These two are also ideal for children as they have been known to boost their immunity and treat infections.