Friday, 11 January 2019

Short Stature in Child

Short stature is characterized as a tallness that is 2 standard deviations (SD) or more below the mean tallness for people of a similar sex and chronologic age in a given populace. The most widely recognized reasons for short stature beyond the first year or two of life is familial (genetic) short stature and constitutional short stature which are normal nonpathologic variants of growth. A pediatric patient with short stature and no clinically apparent reason for the most part expects referral to an endocrine authority to recognize the reason. The objective of the assessment of a kid with short stature is to recognize the subset of children with pathologic causes, such as Turner syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease or other underlying systemic disease, or hormonal abnormality.
               Short stature can be due to different etiologies and the cause may be a primary or secondary growth disorder, or idiopathic. Patients with idiopathic short stature (ISS) have no detectable reason; the condition is exceptionally heterogeneous and might be either familial or non-familial. In all cases, an early diagnosis is important and, tallness screening programs must be adequately touchy and explicit to guarantee opportune location and treatment. There are no indicators to recommend that pathological causes of growth failure have different prevalence in different countries, except for growth failure caused by malnutrition, which is clearly reliant on financial conditions.

Diagnosis and Treatment:
So as to enhance referral, coordination between primary and secondary healthcare providers should be promoted for monitoring of growth of children. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) organization has not been proven to remarkably improve final adult height in kids with typical variation short stature. A double-blinded, randomized study from the National Institutes of Health proposes GH has a small effect on adult height in children with normal short stature if they are treated with GH injections for many years. Evaluation of GH deficiency in the first 1–2 years of life is difficult but Genetic testing may also be carried out if short stature is detected early in life. The diagnosis and, necessary treatment with GH should be initiated as early as possible.

Friday, 28 December 2018

Neonatal Jaundice: An Evolutionary Safeguard

In infants, jaundice emerges from develop of bilirubin, a yellow pigment, in the bloodstream. Bilirubin is a normal by product of the breakdown of red blood cells, but at very high levels, the compound is toxic to brain cells and can cause permanent damage. It affects around 75% of term babies and around 85% of preterm babies in the first week of their lives. According to new research, it is stated that, Jaundice is one of the gifts of evolution. Humans may develop jaundice as new born to protect from something even more serious: sepsis.

Risk factors:
Premature birth: Premature babies also may feed less and have fewer bowel movements, resulting in less bilirubin eliminated through stool.
Blood type: If the mother's blood type is unique in relation to her baby's, the infant may have gotten antibodies through the placenta that reason unusually fast breakdown of red platelets.
Breast-feeding:  Breast-fed babies, particularly those who have difficulty nursing or getting enough nutrition from breast-feeding are at higher danger of jaundice. Lack of hydration or a low caloric admission may add to the beginning of jaundice.
Since it can lead to conditions like acute bilirubin encephalopathy and kernicterus, hat can harm the new-born child's mind and cause developmental issues.
             Richard, one of the renowned scientist, start his search on this and started thinking about the problem in evolutionary terms. The team found that bilirubin seemed to impact the growth of the bacteria (Gram-positive Streptococcus agalactiae) which are most commonly causes early sepsis in infants. With other bacteria implicated in sepsis, the outcomes mixed: bilirubin also affected some types of Staphylococci, but not Gram-negative Escherichia coli.
The best preventive of new-born child jaundice is sufficient sustaining. Breast-fed infants should have 8 to 12 feedings a day for the first several days of life. Photo therapy likewise works by bringing down bilirubin levels.

Friday, 21 December 2018

Pomegranate Power!!!

Pomegranates with their extreme, red outside and "jewel-studded" interior are exceptional nourishments for children. They can possibly be the most powerfully packed beneficial juices we have.  Most kids will be attracted by the bright colour of the seeds and enjoy their sweet-tart taste. Recent study claimed multiple health benefits of pomegranate juice, including the darkness of the fruit, makes it having powerful antioxidant properties and lowers both cholesterol and blood pressure, especially in diabetic and hypertensive patients. So, it should be regularly included in the diet of children.

Fibrous-Rich Food:
Children’s diet should be wealthy in fiber so they can process the nourishment that they eat. Pomegranate has loads of nutritional advantages. Fiber-rich sustenance like pomegranate avoids diabetes and other chronic infections in kids.
Good for the Heart:
Pomegranate juice helps in appropriate blood circulation and enhances stream of blood. They are good for the blood vessels. Cholesterol and blood pressure is controlled and lowered by taking this fruit.
Potassium Replacer:
Diarrhea, vomiting and excessive sweating can deplete your child's potassium stores. A 1/2-cup Pomegranate juice help the kids meet their daily potassium needs.
Low Calorie Snacks:
Children love the jewel like sweet delicious natural product which fulfils their sweet taste buds. Pomegranate is very low in calories and will be a healthy snack for the children.
                  Study shows that, one Year of Pomegranate Juice Consumption Decreases Oxidative Stress, Inflammation and Incidence of Infections in Hemodialysis Patients. The growing years of child are very important. By introducing this fruit to the children at early years, can encourage them to continue to have this fruit in the later years of their life too.

Thursday, 29 November 2018

How your baby’s immune system develops

The immune system is a system of cells and proteins that defends the body against contamination. When working properly, the immune system fights disease producing organisms for example, bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. The immune system of babies is immature when they are conceived. It creates all through life as they are presented to various germs that can cause infection. Babies produce their own antibodies every time when they are exposed to a virus or germ, but it takes time for this immunity to completely develop.

Boosting Process for baby’s Immune System:
Prevention is the best approach to abstain from exposing your youngster to proceeding with cycles of anti-infection agents or different medications. Each time your infant becomes ill, they are growing new antibodies that will secure them later on. Meanwhile, there are some critical things you can do to ensure your infant.

Breastfeeding is always crucial to developing a strong immune system. When a mother comes into contact with germs, she develops antibodies by her own to help her fight off the infection. These are passed to the baby in breast milk and help to get rid of infection.

Vaccinating children is the most secure and best approach to ensure them against genuine illness. Pregnant women are vaccinated for whooping cough in their third trimester so they will pass on immunity to their children.

Avoid Unnecessary Antibiotics:
Antibiotics are unreasonably endorsed to kids. Decreased immunity is some of the consequences of excessive, unnecessary antibiotic use. Probiotics are regularly proposed as a method for boosting babies’ immunity after they have had antibiotics.

         Giving your child a massage is another wonderful way to relieve stress and stimulate the immune system. Emotional stress and unhappiness may exhaust the immune system and lower a child’s resistance to disease. The more children laugh and enjoy their life, the better their immune function and more healthier they will be.

Friday, 23 November 2018

Loss of First Baby Tooth a Positive Experience for Children

Pediatric dental practitioners are dedicated to the oral health of children from early stages through the adolescent years. They have the experience and capabilities to think about a child's teeth, gums, and mouth all through the different phases of a child.

The first lost baby tooth is an important milestone in every child’s life, and children generally have positive feelings about the experience, according to a report. These teeth for the most part drop out and are replaced by permanent teeth. Children generally lose their first baby tooth when they're about six years old; the tooth becomes loose and eventually falls out, leaving a gap which is then permanently filled by its replacement tooth. This gradual procedure is probably one of the first biological changes to their own bodies that children experience consciously. The researchers also found that previous visits to dentists played a role when it comes to children's feelings.  The researchers also found that previous visits to dentists played a role when it comes to children's feelings.
The scientists surveyed parents of children who had officially lost no less than one of their milk teeth. Of the nearly 1,300 responses received for the study, around 75 percent of parents reported positive feelings, while only 25 percent told of negative emotions. Children whose past visits were cavity related and thus perhaps associated with shame or guilt experienced less positive feelings when they later lost their first baby tooth. If, however, previous dental appointments were the result of an accident, and thus an abrupt, unexpected and painful event, at that point the loss of the principal milk tooth will probably be related with positive feelings.

Thursday, 15 November 2018

How Does the Teen Brain Respond to Social Media?

Local to global all become one for social media. It appears the Internet just appeared suddenly and made a huge difference, including childhood and adolescence. It depends on how you look at it this change whether it is for the better or for worse. Our electronic gadgets have progressed toward becoming expansions of our bodies, like crutches.
For some adolescents, web based life can turn out to be relatively addictive.  In a study by researchers it is found that, certain regions of teen brains became activated by "likes" via web-based networking media, which make them need to utilize social media life more. By using an fMRI scanner, researchers examine the image of the brains as they used a fictitious social media app.
As a result, the brain scans revealed that in addition to a number of regions, the nucleus part of the brain was especially active when they saw a large number of likes on their own photos. As indicated by analysts, this area of the brain is the same region that responds when we see pictures of individuals we cherish like when we win cash.

Impact of Social Media on Mental Health:

Composing posts and getting uplifting feedback from companions can move toward becoming irresistible, which prompts kids investing more and more time on the internet. Specialists have discovered that youngsters can really indicate frustrations like drug withdrawal when they expelled from their online life associations. Our cerebrums move to alpha waves and this stream has been connected to learning and ability advancement. Stopping to take photographs and make posts disturbs this stream.
There can be an advantage to the solid impact of the Internet.  A youngster may see positive attributes being preferred and shared, such as healthy eating or academic success. Those who experience from mental illness are often reluctant regularly hesitant to address those near others. The Internet can offer social help and evacuate the sense of isolation.

Since so much brain development takes place during the teen years, it is essential that guardians comprehend the effect that internet based life utilize can have on their children. At the point when families explore the universe of web based life together, a teen's online world turns out to be much more manageable.

Friday, 9 November 2018

Unseen Infections Harming World's Children

New research from an international coalition of scientists reveals that, Children around the world are suffering from unnoticed infections that are stunting their growth and mental development. Two new studies show that a tremendous number of children with no signs of diarrhea are carrying harmful infections. These infections prevent them from reaching their full potential and maintain a vicious cycle of poverty.

Childhood Infections:
The researchers examined more than 40,000 stool samples from children in eight countries: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Tanzania, South Africa, Peru and Brazil. They analysed the samples using highly sensitive molecular testing to determine whether the children were carrying harmful infections.
They found 4 main pathogens which were widely present in asymptomatic children:
  •         Shigella bacteria
  •          Campylobacter bacteria
  •          Enteroaggregative E. coli bacteria
  •          Giardia parasite

The dangers of Shigella are well known to everyone, because it is associated with bloody diarrhea. In any case, the new research recommends that it might be a significantly more noteworthy danger than anticipated. The researchers examined stool samples from children with diarrhea, and they found that Shigella was very common among children with diarrhea that was not bloody. It was mostly common in second year of life.
Asymptomatic Infections:
Discovering approaches to address these contamination among the world's kids could have tremendous benefits. Vaccines are being developed for both Shigella and Campylobacter.
Still researches are going on to determine if treating these asymptomatic infections will reduce stunting without significantly increasing antibiotic resistance.